The two words heart attack and stroke are enough to spread panic in the public mind. Many times there are reports of sudden death of people of different ages due to heart attack or stroke. As a result, it is very natural to be concerned about it. However, caution is more important than fear. And for this, it is necessary to know what heart attack and stroke actually are, why they happen, the difference between the two in symptoms or treatment – or where?
Heart attack and stroke are two complex diseases in human life; Which makes bedridden suddenly, makes life rhythmless. It even threatens life. Heart attack and stroke are often mispronounced. Some people confuse stroke and heart attack. Since the damage can be reduced a lot if treated at the earliest, it is important for common people to have a clear understanding about these two diseases.
Basically, when the blood supply to the heart is interrupted or stopped, some parts of the heart are damaged or its tissues die. This is called a heart attack. In a word – the destruction of heart cells without blood supply is called a heart attack.
The heart does the work of supplying blood throughout the body. The heart also contains a variety of tissues, which require a constant supply of oxygen to survive. When this oxygen supply is interrupted, all the complications begin. A report published on Columbia Regional Health’s website says about the causes of heart attacks—heart attacks are the end result of heart or blood vessel disease (coronary artery disease or CAD). If fat accumulates in these blood vessels, it obstructs blood circulation. Eventually the heart tissues are deprived of the necessary oxygen, which damages the tissues. As a result, that part of the heart becomes ineffective. This is a heart attack.
What is a stroke?
A stroke occurs when the blood supply to the brain is interrupted or stopped. To understand this, doctors identify stroke as a ‘brain attack’. It is similar to a heart attack only in that the blood supply crisis is also the main cause of stroke. And the difference is – heart attack happens in the heart, and stroke or brain attack happens in the brain.
In the case of stroke, the main cause of complications is damage to the blood vessels that supply blood to the brain, or blood clots inside the blood vessels or rupture of the blood vessels. When the blood supply to the brain is interrupted somewhere, it is called an ischemic stroke. But sometimes clots are formed temporarily in the blood vessels of the brain. Then there is a temporary interruption in blood circulation. This phenomenon is called transient ischemic stroke or more commonly mini stroke.
But the worst case scenario occurs when a blood vessel in the brain ruptures or ruptures. Then the brain cells do not get the necessary blood supply. As a result, he suffers from oxygen deficiency. This is called hemorrhagic stroke. In this the corresponding brain cells start to die. As a result, different areas of the body associated with those cells start to become dysfunctional.
Heart attack: Occurs when 70% or more of the coronary arteries that supply blood to the heart are blocked. Certain parts of the heart also get damaged due to insufficient blood supply. But it does not usually paralyze any part of the body; But severe chest pain is the symptom. It is possible to save the patient if he is taken to the hospital quickly, with basic tests like ECG, cardiac enzymes, echo, diagnosis and treatment in the coronary care unit. Heart damage can also be avoided.
stroke: Stroke is not actually a disease of the heart but of the brain. This problem occurs when the blood vessel supplying blood to the brain is blocked or torn. This can cause paralysis on one side of the body. There may be problems like slurred speech, convulsions, slurred speech. CT scan is the primary test. It is best to move to a neuro care unit after rapid diagnosis.
What are the symptoms of heart attack and stroke?
Just as the diseases are different, so are the symptoms of heart attack and stroke. The biggest difference is the location of the pain. A severe headache is usually a symptom of stroke. On the contrary, in case of heart attack, this pain occurs in the chest. According to a report published on the health website Healthline, the symptoms of both diseases can vary from patient to patient. The symptoms of these two diseases can vary depending on the age of the person concerned, gender identity, condition of other aspects of the body, lifestyle etc. However, some common symptoms are seen in all patients with obesity-
Heart attack symptoms
Symptoms of a heart attack include—
1. If there is difficulty in breathing then there is danger of heart attack. Consult a doctor immediately if you have difficulty breathing, choking. If there is any problem with the heart, the lungs also get less oxygen. So these symptoms may appear.
2. Sweating for no apparent reason or panting even slightly is cause for concern. Without proper blood circulation in the body, various organs do not get oxygen properly. So you can catch your breath.
3. If you suddenly wake up in the middle of the night and sweat profusely, it cannot be ignored.
4. Chest pain is usually the most common symptom. Suddenly the chest is very tight. It seems that the chest collapsed. A lot of weight has been squeezed out. It happens in the beginning and along with it many people start sweating. So if you feel chest pain or pressure, you must tell the doctor.
5. Shortness of breath and sudden lightheadedness may occur.
6. Some symptoms are different in girls. Apart from chest pain, sweating or shortness of breath, some other symptoms like abdominal discomfort, back pain may also occur.
7. If you have high blood pressure, it is important to consult your doctor regularly.
8. Many people experience sudden bouts of intense anxiety, which many confuse with panic attacks. However, this symptom is not seen in all cases.
9. Somewhat uncommonly, many have a cough with copious phlegm.
Some of the symptoms of stroke that are very important to watch out for are—
1. Numbness of half of the face is one of the early symptoms of a stroke. An inability to move one half of the face when smiling or complete numbness in one half of the face is a clear sign of a stroke.
2. Another telltale sign of a stroke is weakness or numbness in one arm that cannot be lifted above the head.
3. Sudden slurred speech is a sign of stroke. If this happens, immediately go to the hospital and take the doctor’s advice.
4. Symptoms of stroke also appear through weakness or paralysis in some part or half of the body. As soon as such symptoms appear, you should go to the hospital and doctor.
5. Another symptom of stroke is blurred vision in one eye.
6. Sudden shivering is also a symptom of stroke. It occurs when the blood supply to a part of the brain is cut off.
7. If you suddenly feel unable to walk, you should understand that the person concerned has suffered a stroke.
8. If you suffer from a very severe headache, you should understand that you have suffered a stroke.
9. Also consider memory loss. This means that certain cells in the brain are not working properly to store memories.
10. Since the brain controls our behavior, people who have had a stroke may experience unusual anger, anxiety, and fussy eating.
11. Difficulty swallowing saliva. Humans swallow saliva every 15-30 seconds. So if suddenly you can’t swallow anymore and the saliva keeps coming out of your mouth, then you should know that you are having a stroke.
For quick detection of stroke doctors always suggest – B Fast. Doctors suggest this by breaking up the English word fast and adding one of its signs to each letter.
B—Balance or equilibrium. Sudden loss of body balance.
E—e means eye or sight. Sudden vision problems.
FThe letter F stands for face. Sudden curvature of one side of the face.
AThis letter refers to arm or arm. Sudden weakness of one arm. If you can’t lift both hands up at the same time, you should understand that the risk of stroke is obvious.
come— The letter S refers to speech or sudden speech.
TTime is being said with the letter — t. If the above symptoms occur, the letter T suggests—time to call emergency. As soon as these symptoms appear, try to bring the patient to the hospital as soon as possible.
Ways to treat heart attack and stroke
As the diseases are different, the doctors do different tests to be sure about these two diseases. Let’s see—
Heart attack: Usually doctors try to be sure about the heart attack through electrocardiogram, ECG etc. tests. However, before that, they collected the patient’s description, symptoms, etc.
Stroke: In this case, doctors usually try to understand by CT scan of the brain or MRI if necessary. But before that, they compare the patient’s description, symptoms etc.
Ways of prevention
Although the symptoms, causes etc. are different, doctors ask to take similar preventive precautions in case of heart attack and stroke. Basically healthy living is the only way to stay away from any disease. However, there are a few things everyone should be careful about—
- Tobacco use or smoking cessation.
- Alcohol should also be avoided to prevent coronary artery disease which can lead to heart attack or stroke.
A healthy diet consisting of vegetables, nuts and fruits.
- Red meat, dairy products and processed foods should be avoided as much as possible.
- Regular exercise is important.
- You should keep your blood pressure, diabetes and cholesterol under control to avoid heart attack or stroke.
- Regular measurement of blood pressure, body mass index (BMI), pulse rate, etc. is essential.
- A doctor should be consulted if any symptoms appear.
Stroke or heart attack are both very well known and complicated problems. Although it can occur at any age, especially after the age of 40, anyone can be affected by these diseases. However, being obese, smoking, high blood pressure, diabetes, excess fat in the blood increases the risk of both diseases. So being careful and living a healthy lifestyle is the best approach.