Home Life StyleHealthy Living What is a heart attack, why it happens, and what is the remedy?

What is a heart attack, why it happens, and what is the remedy?

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Heart attack is a special disease. After a certain age, almost everyone is at risk of being affected by it. In many cases, it is seen that the loved one has passed away before they know anything. This is because most people who die of a heart attack die within the first hour. Therefore, awareness about heart attack is very important. Need to know – What is a heart attack, why it happens, what are its symptoms and how to prevent it – or what?

So we need to have a personal concept of heart attack. The reason for this is that before a patient who has a heart attack reaches the hospital, there are some things that the people who live next to the patient need to know. They have some responsibilities.

What is a heart attack?
The heart circulates blood throughout our body. It is responsible for pumping blood throughout the body. The heart itself is a pump and has to work, so it has its own blood circulation system. There are blood vessels inside the heart. If one or more of these blood vessels suddenly closes, blood flow to several parts of the heart stops. It also stops the performance of the heart. This is a heart attack. Basically, a heart attack is when the heart stops functioning due to the blockage of blood vessels.

Generally speaking, this disease is known as ischemic heart disease—the cessation or reduction of blood flow to the heart. As the prevalence of this dreaded disease is high, it is commonly referred to as heart disease. However, there are other causes of heart disease.

Who has a heart attack?
Anyone can suffer a heart attack at any age. Generally, it is more common in older people and men. However, women are also at increased risk of heart attack as they age. Those who smoke, suffer from diabetes and high blood pressure, high blood cholesterol, are also at higher risk. A family history of coronary artery disease or ischemic heart disease increases the risk for others in the family.

If there is any kind of complication in the heart system, its indication is usually found in the body before a month.  Photo: The Independent

Heart attack symptoms
Generally this can happen in two ways. Some people may already have some symptoms. For example, many people experience chest pain during strenuous work. Rest is good. A few months or even a few years may pass like this. In some people, the blood vessels of the heart suddenly close.

If the blood supply to the heart is suddenly cut off for any reason, whether pre-existing or not, it is usually called a heart attack. If there is any kind of complication in the heart system, its indication is usually found in the body before a month. That is why you should know the symptoms of heart attack. The British Heart Foundation website mentions several symptoms:

1. If there is difficulty in breathing then there is danger of heart attack. Consult a doctor immediately if you have difficulty breathing, choking. If there is any problem with the heart, the lungs also get less oxygen. So these symptoms may appear.
2. Sweating for no apparent reason or panting even slightly is cause for concern. Without proper blood circulation in the body, various organs do not get oxygen properly. So you can catch your breath.
3. If you suddenly wake up in the middle of the night and sweat profusely, it cannot be ignored.
4. Chest pain is usually the most common symptom. Suddenly the chest is very tight. It seems that the chest collapsed. A lot of weight has been squeezed out. It happens in the beginning and along with it many people start sweating. So if you feel chest pain or pressure, you must tell the doctor.
5. Shortness of breath and sudden lightheadedness may occur.
6. Some symptoms are different in girls. Apart from chest pain, sweating or shortness of breath, some other symptoms like abdominal discomfort, back pain may also occur.
7. If you have high blood pressure, it is important to consult your doctor regularly.
8. Many people experience sudden bouts of intense anxiety, which many confuse with panic attacks. However, this symptom is not seen in all cases.
9. Somewhat uncommonly, many have a cough with copious phlegm.

However, it is important to remember that a heart attack can happen before any symptoms are detected. Because everyone experiences pain differently. Especially for those suffering from diabetes, the pain sensation may not be as pronounced. Pain in the chest or upper abdomen can also be caused by various causes. It is therefore best to be cautious and take any such discomfort seriously and seek medical advice.

  If the symptoms of heart attack appear, do not panic and contact the nearest hospital.  Photo: Collected

What to do in a heart attack?
Instead of panicking when the symptoms appear, stay calm and tell your loved ones. If chest pain is felt, the patient should be taken to the nearest hospital as soon as possible. A heart attack should be confirmed by a quick ECG and blood test. The most important thing is to consult a doctor as soon as possible and follow his advice.

Heart attack treatment
Cardiac revascularization is the main treatment. The sooner treatment is provided, the better and faster the patient’s chances of recovery. Apart from this, modern treatment is to detect heart block through angiogram, remove it quickly and restore blood circulation. As an alternative treatment, blood clots are broken and blood circulation is normalized with medication as per doctor’s advice.

Complications after heart attack
Two types of complications can occur after a heart attack—short-term and long-term. Short-term complications include sudden death or sudden cardiac death, various types of arrhythmias or heart beat problems, heart block, decreased heart rate, acute heart failure, pulmonary edema, cardiogenic shock. On the other hand, long term complications like heart failure, arrhythmia, valve problems, kidney problems etc. In all cases it is important to consult a cardiologist.

By living a healthy lifestyle, the risk of heart attack can be prevented to a large extent.  Photo: Collected

Preventive measures
As with any disease, prevention is better than cure. The same is true of heart attacks. Unhealthy lifestyle is one of the causes of heart attack. By living a healthy lifestyle, the risk of heart attack can be prevented to a large extent. In this case, the British Heart Foundation advises to follow some points-
1. Quitting any form of tobacco including smoking.
2. Keeping diabetes, cholesterol and high blood pressure under control.
3. Avoid fatty foods.
4. It is important to exercise regularly. In any case, there is no alternative to exercise to keep the body healthy. So always stay active. It will protect you not only from heart attack but also from many other diseases.
5. Practice walking regularly every day.
6. Avoid fast food and junk food.
7. Be as worry and stress free as possible.
8. Get regular medical checkups and follow your doctor’s advice.
9. Quit drinking.
10. Controlling weight. In this case, creating a healthy diet with the help of a nutritionist is beneficial.



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