Today is January 24, the historic day of the People’s Uprising. The popular uprising of 1969 is a historic event in the history of the long freedom struggle of Bengali. This uprising took place under the undisputed leadership of Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, the greatest Bengali of all time.
This popular uprising took place in the context of Bangabandhu’s six-point demand of the nation’s liberation charter on behalf of the liberating oppressed people and later the 11-point program given by the student society. President Sahabuddin and Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina gave separate messages on the occasion. Various political, social and cultural organizations including the ruling Awami League have taken various programs.
The Central Students’ Struggle Council was formed on January 4, 1969 in the path of progressive struggle, embodying the ideals of the six-point mass movement as declared by the Father of the Nation. Leaders of progressive student organizations including Chhatra League, Chhatra Union formed this council and announced 11-point demands.
The main basis of this 11-point Dari was the six points announced by Bangabandhu. The 11-point demands based on six points include the demands of the student community as well as the demands related to the interests of farmers and workers. One of the main demands of this movement was the withdrawal of the Agartala conspiracy case and the release of the royal prisoners including Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman.
The popular uprising of 1969 took place in the context of the six-point and later the 11-point program. On January 17, 1969, when the student leaders called for a strike in all educational institutions across the country, the then Governor of East Pakistan, Monem Khan, issued Section 144 to suppress the student movement. In protest against the government oppression, the program of student assembly and protest march was taken at Battala of Dhaka University on January 20. The movement became more intense when student leader Amanullah Mohammad Asaduzzaman (Assad) was killed by the police in this procession.
After the martyrdom of Asad, the spontaneous participation of people from all walks of life on January 21, 22 and 23 led to an unprecedented mass uprising on January 24.
On January 24, 1969, with the aim of overthrowing the Pakistani military regime, the struggling masses took out a march against the repression of the ruling group and breaking the dusk law. Nineth grade students of Navkumar Institute, Kishore Matiur Rahman and Rustom were martyred on the street in front of the secretariat in Dhaka when the police fired at the procession. In protest, the struggling crowd set fire to the secretariat that day. Angry people set fire to houses of Ayub-Monem cadres, ministers, MPs and offices of the then daily Pakistan and Pakistan Observer, known as their mouthpieces. The situation in Dhaka went beyond the government’s control.
Then on February 15, when Sergeant Zahurul Haque, accused in the Agartala conspiracy case, was killed in Dhaka Cantonment, the people of Bengal protested. On February 18, the proctor of Rajshahi University Dr. When Shamsujjoha was killed, students and crowds came to the streets, ignoring the curfew. The dictator Ayub Khan was forced to release the accused in the Agartala conspiracy case including Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib and 34 leaders detained under the Security Act under the pressure of the popular uprising. On February 23, in the presence of millions of people, the undisputed leader of Bengali Sheikh Mujibur Rahman was awarded the title of ‘Bangabandhu’ by the Central Student Struggle Parishad. The military dictator Ayub Khan was overthrown in a popular uprising in 1969. Since then, 24th January has been celebrated as People’s Uprising Day.
Inspired by the spirit of the people’s uprising of 1969, President Md. Sahabuddin. In a message, he said, it is a historic day in the history of Bangladesh’s independence movement and democratic progress….The father of the nation, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, announced the historic six points in 1966 to free the Bengali nation from Pakistani rule, exploitation and deprivation. The Bengali Emancipation Charter was a six-point declaration aimed at establishing autonomy in East Pakistan. After the six-point declaration, the independence movement intensified and spread throughout East Bengal. Along with Awami League, the joint movement of various political parties and student organizations accelerated the mass movement.
He said that the blood of Martyr Matiur and other martyrs was not wasted in the 1969 uprising. The popular upheaval resulted in the withdrawal of the Agartala conspiracy case, the release of royal prisoners and the handover of power to President Ayub Khan, a milestone in the Bengali liberation movement. We got freedom and democratic rights through the people’s revolution. Everyone has to work unitedly to uphold this freedom and democracy gained through long struggle and struggle.
Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina said in her speech that the popular uprising of 1969 is a significant chapter in the history of Bangladesh. We have achieved great freedom through the armed liberation war following the 6-point Bengali Liberation Charter, the 11-point later and the popular upheaval of 1969. Got the independent-sovereign state of Bangladesh.
He said that the government, inspired by the spirit of the great liberation war, has continued the overall development and progress of the country. In the last 15 years, there has been unprecedented development in all the socio-economic sectors of the country with relentless efforts. People are enjoying the benefits of development right down to the grass root level. I have given the nation the correct history of the Great War of Liberation. I have established the rule of law. Stop distorting history. Illegally blocked the way to seize state power forever. Tried and executed war criminals. The new generation is getting to know the correct history of the country.
The Prime Minister also said that we have achieved the status of a developing country. We are working to transform Bangladesh into a developed and prosperous country by 2041 and to implement the Delta Plan by 2100. With the combined efforts of all, we will be able to build a hunger-poverty-free and developed-rich gold Bangladesh of the father of the nation’s dream, Inshallah.
Awami League’s program on the occasion of People’s Uprising Day includes paying homage at the memorial of martyr Matiur Rahman at Navkumar Institute premises in Bakshibazar on Wednesday (January 24) at 9 am. Awami League General Secretary Obaidul Quader requested all concerned to participate in the program.