On this day in 1971, the Bengali nation broke the chains of subjugation and emerged as a nation of heroes. To end the two eras of Pakistani exploitation and deprivation, the brave Bengali freedom fighters snatched the victory through the bloody liberation war. On December 16, 1971 at 4:31 p.m., the Pakistani invaders surrendered at the race course ground.
In continuation of Bayannar language movement, Bengali independence spirit was born. Later it took the form of liberation struggle. Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib, the undisputed leader of Bengalis, united the entire nation to join the war of independence. Before this, on March 7, he inspired Bengali freedom fighters with a thunderous voice.
On the night of March 25, 1971, the Pakistani invasion force launched the most brutal attack on the unarmed Bengalis. Bangabandhu declared independence that night before his arrest. The much-desired freedom came at the cost of the blood of 3 million martyrs in nine months of bloody war.
In December, the Pakistani army retreated after being disorientated by the joint attack of the Indian army, navy and air force with the Mukti Bahini. On December 16, 1971, the invading forces surrendered to the Liberation Army and India’s Eastern Army Command at Dhaka’s Race Course Maidan. The document was signed by General Niazi, the eastern commander of the Pakistani army. Two eras of Pakistani exploitation and persecution ended, the Bengali nation was liberated. The red-green flag flies to the free land, to the new country.
Independence came at the sacrifice of nearly seven million people, except for the identified Razakar, Al Badr Al Shams. In the pain of losing a relative, the Bengali gets the occasion of glory.
In 52 years of independence, the country is progressing in various directions. Economic prosperity is increasing. Facing poverty and disaster, Bangladesh is now among the developing countries.