The United Nations International Court of Justice (ICJ) ordered Israel to take all necessary measures to prevent genocide in Gaza. Also, those involved in the massacre have been ordered to be punished. However, the preliminary ruling did not contain any order to stop the attack on Gaza.
ICJ president Joan E. Donoghue gave the verdict on Friday. The ruling ordered Israel to take immediate and effective steps to ensure the entry of essential basic services and humanitarian aid into Gaza on an urgent basis. In addition, the ICJ has ordered Israel to submit a report within the next month on what measures have been taken to prevent genocide in Gaza.
On December 29, the ICJ gave its verdict in the case of South Africa’s genocide against Israel. However, the proceedings of this case may take several years to complete, according to a report by the BBC.
South African Foreign Minister Neledi Pandar told reporters outside the court after the verdict, “There is no order for a ceasefire in Gaza in this verdict.” For this reason, the verdict of stopping genocide will not work there. I wanted the judgment to contain the ceasefire. However, I am not happy with the verdict.’
In response to the question whether Israel will accept this verdict, Neledi Pandar said, ‘I am not optimistic about Israel. But their friendly countries can convince them about this.
The South African government has already made a statement expressing satisfaction with the verdict. Palestinian Foreign Minister Riyad al-Maliki says that the court’s verdict is in favor of humanity and international law. Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu said they are determined to defend themselves. Israelis do everything according to international law.
On October 7 last year, Israeli forces launched an attack on Gaza after an unprecedented attack by Hamas on Israel. South Africa then filed a case at the ICJ last December requesting an end to the massacre of Israelis in Gaza. Two hearings were held earlier this month. South Africa has asked the ICJ to urgently order Israel to end its military operations in Gaza at the hearing. In addition, the country also requested to instruct Israel to maintain normal humanitarian aid operations in Gaza.
According to the news agency AFP, the ICJ, the highest legal body of the United Nations, was established after the Second World War. The organization takes steps to resolve disputes between the two warring countries. There is a legal obligation to comply with the decisions given by ICZ. However, this court can exert very little power on any country to comply with it. There is no appeal against the order of ICJ.
According to the Hamas-run Health Ministry, 25,900 Palestinians have been killed in Israeli attacks since October 7. Most of the victims were women and children. On the other hand, 1 thousand 139 Israelis were killed in Hamas attacks.