Home Life StyleHealthy Living The Middle East is once again at the center of discussion

The Middle East is once again at the center of discussion

by Afonso
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After the start of the Ukraine war, the whole world was preoccupied with this conflict. Western countries in particular are deeply concerned about the ghost and future of Ukraine. Apart from this, another stage of world politics, which is called the Indo-Pacific region (the countries that surround the Indian and Pacific oceans), can also be seen there. Around the same time, the Korean peninsula also became much hotter than before. There, America and China face each other over the Taiwan Strait. Amidst such a suffocating global situation, the years-old ‘Middle East crisis’ has been largely overlooked.

But after the war between Israel and Hamas (Palestinian independence group) started on October 7, the Middle East came to the center of global discussion again. In particular, the decades-long Israeli-Palestinian conflict has been revived.

According to the Ministry of Health of Gaza, 17 thousand 170 Palestinians have been killed so far in the Israeli attack that started in Gaza after the Hamas attack on Israel on October 7. 46 thousand were injured. On the other hand, according to Israel’s calculations, 1,200 people have been killed in Hamas attacks so far. 240 people have been taken hostage.

In addition, about 50,000 houses were destroyed by the Israeli attack. 2 lakh 40 thousand houses were severely damaged. So far, three churches and 88 mosques have been completely destroyed by Hamas. Apart from this, 174 mosques have been partially damaged.

The United Nations says that children are the most affected by this conflict. So far the number of child deaths has exceeded 7 thousand. Apart from this, 2 million people have been displaced.

There is still no name to stop the war. After a seven-day ceasefire between the two sides exchanged some prisoners, Israel resumed the offensive in full force. Now apart from North Gaza, Israel has started attacking South Gaza and West Bank.

It is unknown where the end of this war is. But war has already become central to all conflicts. In a joint press conference with European Commission (EC) President Ursula von der Leyen in Kiev on November 4, Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky lamented, “The war in Gaza has taken the world’s attention away from Ukraine.”

It’s true. Nobody cares about Ukraine like before. There is a heated argument in the Senate about whether America will help Ukraine with money and ammunition. It is clear that the US is no longer willing to help Ukraine. Ukraine is now milk rice to America. All his thoughts are now about Israel and Palestine.

On the other hand, Russia itself is worried about the Middle East. Russian President Vladimir Putin is repeatedly taking initiatives to bring Israel and Hamas to talks. He has repeatedly called for a ceasefire. On October 16, he also raised a proposal at the United Nations. However, the proposal was not passed due to the opposition of four countries. The four countries are – USA, UK, France and Japan.

About 50,000 Palestinian homes were destroyed in the Israeli attack.  Photo: ReutersChina, which has been trying to stop the Ukraine-Russia war, is now busy with Israel-Palestine. Chinese Ambassador Yao Wen said after meeting with Palestinian Ambassador Youssef SY Ramadan, who visited Dhaka last October, “The UN Security Council must play an important role in solving the Palestinian crisis, build international consensus as soon as possible and take practical steps to that end.” .’

France-Germany used to talk about the Ukraine war a few days ago, sending weapons to Ukraine, but now they don’t seem to make much of a statement. It is not as if the horrors of war have subsided there. On December 3, Russia attacked the northwestern part of Ukraine overnight. Ukrainian officials said Russian forces fired 12 drones and a cruise missile.

Even so, Ukraine is now not getting enough water from the West. Because, the unrest around Israel-Palestine has started in our own country. Demonstrations have taken place in various European cities, including Brabrand in Denmark and Berlin in Germany. Germany and France have banned pro-Palestinian protests for fear of conflict. Several Western countries have said they have increased security at synagogues and Jewish schools.

A look at the Middle East itself shows that vast stretches of desert stretching from the Mediterranean Sea through the Red Sea and the Gulf of Aden to the Arabian Sea and the Gulf of Oman and the Persian Gulf have been ‘burning hot’ for years. For example, the Yemen-Saudi civil war has been going on for 9 years, the Syrian civil war has been going on for a century, and the civil war in Iraq and Libya has been going on since 2017. On May 14, 1948, after the declaration of independence as a state of Israel, the army of Egypt, Jordan, Iraq, Syria and Lebanon attacked the country. Then hostilities with other countries subsided, but Israel’s hostile relationship with Lebanon became permanent. Hostilities between Lebanon and Israel have been going on for decades.

But after the start of the Israel-Hamas war on October 7, all the spotlight has been on this latest conflict. Gaza has become the epicenter of the conflict. As if all other conflicts in the Middle East have stopped. What is it really? Let’s take a closer look at the conflicts in the Middle East.

So far, the number of child deaths in Palestine has exceeded 7,000.  Photo: ReutersYemen-Saudi Civil War
In 2011, Yemen’s longtime president, Ali Abdullah Saleh, fell under the influence of the ‘Arab Spring’. But even that did not benefit the fate of Yemenis.

In 2014, the Houthi rebels were born from the ‘chavism’ of the popular uprising in this country on the shores of the Gulf of Aden. Iran raised Pelepush with all their help. This made Iran-Saudi relations more complicated. Since the Houthis and Iran are Shiite, Saudi Arabia formed an anti-Houthi military alliance with neighboring Arab Sunni countries.

Since then, the Saudi-led military coalition has launched frequent attacks in Yemen. To take revenge, the Houthis launched a counterattack in Saudi Arabia. A peace proposal mediated by the National Assembly was accepted, but it was shaky. Tensions can flare up again at any time. And it can be fueled by small attacks – counter-attacks going on under the shell of peace.

The anniversary of the Syrian civil war
Syria’s Bashar al-Assad government has been isolated from the outside world for 12 years. Influenced by the ‘Arab Spring’, pro-democracy activists demanded the resignation of Syrian President Bashar al-Assad in 2011. Activists have been embroiled in sectarian and sectarian clashes in Sunni-dominated Syria to oust a Shiite president.

In view of this, Syria was expelled from the Arab League. This year, however, the membership of the Arab League was returned to Syria. But the conflict is not stopping at anything. The country’s civil war has so far killed 500,000 people and displaced nearly half of the total population.

Even today, no political solution has been found for this conflict which has been going on for almost 1 century. Iran is still supporting the Bashar al-Assad regime.

Lebanon-Israel conflict
During the civil war in Lebanon in the seventies of the last century, the Shiite armed group ‘Hezbollah’ emerged in the country. In an article published in the Council on Foreign Relations, an American-based independent research organization, a researcher named Callie Robinson wrote that after the Islamic Revolution in Iran in 1979, Hezbollah was formed under the umbrella of the country’s Revolutionary Guard. They later took up arms against Israel.

A decade later, in 1989, Saudi Arabia, Egypt, Syria, Iran, France and the United States signed the ‘Taif Agreement’ in the Saudi city of Taif to end the civil war and restore political stability. After this agreement, all the factions in the civil war returned their weapons, but Hezbollah did not surrender their weapons.

Later, Hezbollah fighters began to attack Israeli forces frequently. In such a situation, Israel was forced to completely withdraw from northern Lebanon occupied in 2000.

Then in 2006, Hezbollah captured two Israeli soldiers from the border named ‘Point 105’. As a result, Israel again launched an operation in southern Lebanon to overthrow Hezbollah.

But Israel could not benefit much. They were forced to retreat in the face of heavy resistance from Hezbollah. Later, Israel formed a commission of inquiry into the war. After the investigation, the Winograd Commission formed by the Israeli government said that Israel had ‘failed’ in the 2006 war.

Still, the conflict did not stop. Especially since the beginning of the Hamas-Israel conflict, the discussion about Hezbollah started to come to the fore. On December 3, Hezbollah-Israel carried out counter-attacks. Three Lebanese were killed. In addition, a Lebanese army member was killed by Israeli forces on the southern border of Lebanon.

According to the United Nations, two million Palestinians have been displaced since October 7.  Photo: ReutersIraq situation
In 2003, America overthrew Saddam’s government by invading Iraq. US troops have been stationed there ever since. Those military bases are often targeted by Iran-backed Iraqi Kataib Hezbollah militia and other armed groups. Iraq has been attacked at least 12 times in the last month and a half. On December 1, at least 10 people were killed and 14 injured in a roadside bomb explosion and gunman attack in Iraq’s eastern Diyala province.

There are now 2500 US troops in Iraq. Washington has announced that it will soon deploy another 900 troops.

In addition, the internal political situation in Iraq has been going through instability for several years. Last mid-November, Iran’s Revolutionary Guards attacked the headquarters of an Iranian Kurdish political party near Erbil, the capital of the autonomous Kurdistan region in northern Iraq. It was reported that 10 people were injured in this attack.

Moqtada al-Sadr, Iraq’s powerful Shiite leader in August last year, announced on Monday that he was stepping down from politics. After that, the conflict spread to the capital, Baghdad. Moqtada al-Sadr’s followers stormed government buildings in Baghdad’s Green Zone. Many take to the streets. Soon after, the conflict started between Moqtada al-Sadr and the activists of other Shia political parties. Two killed in Baghdad shooting After that, a new government was formed in Iraq, but these internal disturbances have not ended yet.

So there is conflict in the middle east countries somehow. The conflict continues in some countries of Asia-Europe. But overshadowing those conflicts, the Israel-Hamas war has become the focus of all discussions. Now there is only one question on everyone’s face – where is the solution?

References: Al Jazeera, Reuters, BBC, Middle East Monitor, Fars News Agency, Al Arabiya and Arab News


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