Myanmar’s junta government is under constant pressure from insurgent attacks in various states. Min Aung Hlaing’s junta has lost control of large swathes of the northwest to rebels. They are retreating in the attack of Arakan Army on the western border. Meanwhile, the extension of the state of emergency in the country is feared to further delay the implementation of election promises.
Three years ago, on February 1, 2021, the military took power in Myanmar, ousting the democratically elected party of Aung San Suu Kyi in a military coup. After that there was mass protest against the coup in the country. And recently, the armed rebel groups have taken over several areas of the country after defeating the military. In addition, hundreds of thousands of soldiers left the country’s army amid the fighting. The junta government is in a lot of trouble.
In the meantime, just before the three-year anniversary of the military coup, the Myanmar junta government announced that the state of emergency should be extended for another 6 months. Acting President U Myint Soe said the state of emergency should continue until the insurgents are dealt with and the situation returns to normal.
This could further delay the implementation of election promises made by junta chief Min Aung Hlaing. According to the 2008 military draft constitution, new elections must be held within 6 months of the lifting of the state of emergency.
Meanwhile, the United States has imposed sanctions on two institutions in Myanmar on the occasion of the three-year anniversary of the military coup. This step is to increase the pressure on Myanmar’s junta government.
According to the US Treasury Department, Thane Win Zaw, the owner of the Shwe Bayin Phew Group of Companies, his wife and two children have been placed under the sanctions. Washington accuses the company of importing and distributing fuel to support the military. Washington has also imposed sanctions on MEHL-owned shipping companies for producing indigenous weapons for the military.
Meanwhile, 14 members of the country’s Border Guard Police (BGP) have fled to Bangladesh amid clashes between the army and insurgents in Myanmar. Border Guard Bangladesh (BGB) Public Relations Office confirmed this information on Sunday and said that the escaped BGP members have taken refuge in the BGB camp in Tumbru area of Ghumdhum border of Naikshyongchari, Bandarban.
Jahangir Aziz, Chairman of Ghumdhum Union, told the Independent, ‘There has been massive shelling inside the Myanmar border since Sunday morning. Sometimes the Ghumdhum-Tumbru border area is being cut up with loud noise.’
UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Volker Turk said that the human rights situation has worsened in the 3 years of the junta regime.
According to UN estimates, since the coup so far, around two million people have been displaced by fighting within Myanmar.