There are many stories about ‘Rani Bari’ or Rani Bhavani’s fort in Kapasia of Gazipur. Rani’s house is in Dardaria village of Rayed Union of the upazila – this was heard by the people. The existence of that house in the medieval story has really come true. In just 22 days of effort, a group of archeological researchers found the ‘Rani Bari’ or Rani Bhavani’s fort.
The researchers said that Jahangirnagar University (JAB) Archeology Department Professor Dr. A group of experts under the leadership of Sufi Mustafizur Rahman started the archaeological excavation and research work at the Dardaria Fort or Queen’s House archaeological site on December 26. Their tireless efforts and archaeological excavations led to the discovery of medieval brick forts and significant archeology for the first time in Bangladesh. History spread on the lips of the locals.
Since the beginning of excavations, various traces of ancient architecture history and tradition have been coming out. There are traces of security techniques and architectural styles of the ancient times.
A press conference was organized on Friday afternoon to analyze the archeological survey and interpretation of the artifacts discovered in the excavations at Dardaria Fort to inform everyone about this ancient history. Local Member of Parliament and State Minister of Women and Children Affairs Simin Hossain Rimi was present as the chief guest.
At that time, Jahangirnagar University Archeology Department Professor Sufi Mostafizur Rahman said, ‘Kapasia’s Queen’s House or Dardaria Fort excavation work started on December 26. The initial survey measured the size of the fort. On the east is the Crescent Circumferential Moat and on the west is the Banar River. The fort was built with a great strategic defense of nature and man made in mind. It extends from the plain to 2 meters underground. The width of the brick wall is 65 cm. The upper parts of the wall are in ruins. It was originally built as a defensive fort.’
This archeologist said, ‘The bastion is a very strategic structure from a military point of view. From its side there were easy defenses directly to the right and left, ie from which ammunition or arrows could be fired. The park that lies outside the fort is about two kilometers wide – which merges with the river. The fort is 1400 meters wide in a straight line, 40 meters in some places and five meters high. Around this fort there is currently agricultural land, chala land. There is Ghazari forest which is spread over about 15 km. It was a three-tiered fort, a very strong fort in ancient times.’
‘Two tiered forts are few and far between in India. As such, Dardaria fort with two or three tiers reminds us of a strong defense system.’ Professor Sufi Mostafizur Rahman added.
According to history, the scientific and geological researcher James Taylor in his book A Sketch of the Topography and Statistics of Dhaka (1840) mentioned the town of Togma or Tok as being located on the banks of Brahmapur. According to him, the town of Togma or Tok was a port during the time of King Shipala.
Taylor also mentions in the book, Kapasia Dardaria is located on the east bank of Banar river. It is said that the fort was built by Bania Raja. The outer wall of the fort is made of mud. The height of the wall is 12-14 feet. The wall is about 2 miles in circumference and about 30 feet wide. The fort had 5 entrances, but no sign of brick or stone-built entrances or arcades was observed. The wall is built in a crescent shape. Some distance from this wall there are traces of another defensive wall. It is built of bricks. It is assumed that this wall had three entrances. The fort is known as the ‘Queen’s House’. Rani Bhavani, the last descendant of the Bania kings, is said to have lived in this fort during the Muslim invasion in 1204 AD.
According to James Taylor, this is the historic Ekadala Fort. Shamsuddin Ilyas Shah, the second independent Sultan of Bengal, took shelter in Ekdala Fort when he was attacked by Sultan Firoz Shah Tughlaq of Delhi in 1353 AD. Delhi Sultan Firozshah Tughluq waited for 22 days for this.
President of Public History Institute and Dhaka University Professor Dr. were present as special guests at the press conference. Mezbah Kamal Gazipur Deputy Commissioner Abul Fateh Mohammad Shafiqul Islam, Kapasia Upazila Executive Officer (UNO) Mohammad Ali Siddiqui, Directorate of Archaeology, Regional Director of Dhaka Division Afroza Khan Mita, Bangladesh Awami League Advisory Council member Dr. Nuh-ul-Alam Lenin.