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New Education Curriculum: Why So Much Opposition?

by Afonso
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From the year 2023, classroom teaching has started according to the new curriculum. For the past 11 months, teachers have been preparing students according to the new curriculum. Currently, teachers are spending busy time in increasing their skills and creativity standards.

In 2023, the new curriculum will be taught in classes I and II in primary and classes VI and VII in secondary and in classes III, IV and VIII and IX in 2024. This curriculum will be effective by 2025. The main issues discussed in the curriculum are no examination in educational institutions up to class III, marks in the hands of teachers in all classes, cancellation of PSC, JSC and JDC exams, no division of departments at school level, learning assessment will be added to public exams, change in SSC exam system and 11th and 12th. Separate public examination. Apart from this, teachers and students will be able to take some rest as a result of the two-day closure. Which will make both parties interested in the curriculum.

The main change in the primary education system in the new curriculum is that there will be no exams up to class III. Besides, the long-discussed Preliminary Final Examination (PSC), which began in 2009, and the Participatory Final Examination (PDC), which began in 2010, will be discontinued. These exams are being stopped in order to reduce the pressure on the students.

First, the creative teaching methods that have been in vogue for the past ten years are emerging in the new education curriculum. A one-way education system will be introduced instead. In other words, the rule of division of sections in class 9, which was in force until now, is no longer there. Students will now study the same syllabus upto SSC and will take their board exam i.e. SSC exam in core five subjects in class 10th. The previous classes will have their continuous assessment system. So the new education system will have exams. However, it will not be done in a traditional manner, but through continuous evaluation. This is the difference. And in the field of study, the practice of memorizing with eyes closed will be greatly changed. In this case, the formula of science or the rules of Bengali second paper will be memorized by playing games in class.

Since independence many experiments have been done in the education system. The new curriculum has been created considering the four principles of nationalism, socialism, democracy and secularism of the constitution of independent Bangladesh.

One of the two most discussed issues in the education system in both eras is to reduce the reliance on rote learning and to stop plagiarism. In that light, 1992 MCQ method of SSC examination and present time skill based (MCQ) and creative (CQ) questions. Although there are arguments for and against these two issues, this approach has not yielded much desired results in the education system.

Training for teachers to master the new curriculum has begun. However, how successful it will be will depend on how skillfully the teachers can apply it in the classroom. Because in the past experience applying creative methods, even after training, a large part of the teachers were not able to master the method.

The new curriculum is structured in such a way that students can develop critical thinking and analytical skills. It includes many projects and group work. which will encourage cooperation and teamwork among others. The new curriculum aims to reduce the number of textbooks and enable students to learn with joy.

Overall the new curriculum in Bangladesh is an attempt to modernize the education system and provide students with a more relevant and practical education. The success of which will depend on the support of all stakeholders including teachers, parents and policy makers in its implementation.

Many parents are worried about the new education curriculum. They are concerned with evaluating the annual results. This concern will have to wait some more time. There is no option but to be patient until the final stage of the new curriculum is reached. When the tree is planted and the fruit is harvested it will be known how the educational program will develop the student with the following characteristics.

1. Critical Thinking Skills: When students face a problem, they will learn to find solutions to that problem individually or in groups.
2. Creative Thinking Skills: Learn to create and implement new ideas based on your own opinions by going beyond conventional thinking.
3. Problem Solving Skills: Learn to analyze why problems occur and learn to solve them accordingly.
4. Decision Making Skills: If the previous 3 skills are mastered properly, it will be easier for the students to make decisions. Reasoning and information skills will be useful in decision making.
5. Communication skills: In this course a student will learn to acquire skills like valuing the opinion of others, building team spirit, motivating team members through good communication skills.

Assessment in this curriculum does not mean conventional tests, marks, grading. The teacher will comment on how well the student has achieved the new method. Comments will be..’Very good, good, satisfactory and need to learn more.’ The new curriculum makes learning collaborative rather than competitive.

In this curriculum, there will be no sick competition between students and parents to be first or second in the class or chasing after marks and grading. Here the role of the teacher will be the main one. Teachers should be ideal teachers with human qualities.

Many parents feel that ‘the new curriculum has completely ended the education system! What will happen with the curriculum? If you go to the job market, you have to take the MCQ exam to get a job’ – these words are heard by most of the parents.

10 months have passed since the new curriculum. It has been seen that students are learning with joy. Students are interacting with everyone, creating various projects. Going outside the classroom and interviewing people from different classes. The new curriculum is giving them an opportunity to see the outside world without keeping their eyes locked in their books. Who to contact if there is a sudden fire? While walking on the road, he learns to stop or go by the traffic signal lights, which will save him from road accidents. Apart from this, the family is learning to make a monthly budget. Students are also learning hands-on science subjects.

Author: Head Teacher, Jessore Girls Secondary School


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