Home News In the event of war in Europe, the Spanish Constitution contemplates forced recruitment

In the event of war in Europe, the Spanish Constitution contemplates forced recruitment

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In the event of war in Europe, the Spanish Constitution contemplates forced recruitment

After the recently renewed Russian president, on February 28, Vladimir Putinnotify NATO that there would be a nuclear warIf the Alliance sent soldiers to Ukraine, tension between both blocs has been increasing. So much so, that last Monday, March 18, the Kremlin leader, during his mass bath in Moscow’s Red Square that served as culmination of the electionswarned that “World War III is one step away” because “there are NATO soldiers fighting in Ukraine,” something that It’s true, yes, but not entirelysince the special forces deployed there carry out supervision of arms supply and, at no time, ground combat.

For all these reasons, the Spanish Minister of Defense, Margaret Robleswarned last Sunday, during an interview with the newspaper “La Vanguardia”, that “the threat of war is absolute“and that “today, a Russian ballistic missile can reach Spain perfectly“, something of which, in his opinion, “society is not fully aware.”

Called to the front line

Although Spain has a professional army, the truth is that the Constitution contemplates in its article 30 the recruitment of citizens. “The Spanish have the right and the duty to defend Spain“, so “a civil service may be established for the fulfillment of purposes of general interest” and, through a law, “the duties of citizens may be regulated in cases of serious risk, catastrophe or public calamity”.

However, article 30.2 CE recognizes the conscientious objection as a fundamental right, so, based on this, forced recruitment would not be permitted.

Although the interpretation of the norm on the forced recruitment of Spaniards is quite broad and ambiguousthe truth is that the National Security Lawrenovated in February 2022, can you allow this to happen. Although it is true that this order does not explicitly include that the Spaniards must be mobilized in the event of war, it does establish that a strategic approach would be carried out that would fully involve to civil society.

Military obligations

In case of war, the Military Penal Code establishes that all those who refused to comply with orders dictated by the Military Authorities in situations of armed conflict or state of siege, will be punished with sentences of three months and one day to six years in prison.

In this way, potential citizens who, in the event of war, would be called to the ranks would men and womenwith or without military experience, between 18 and 53 years old.

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