Home Business America-Canada Wilderness: Hamilton Introduction 3

America-Canada Wilderness: Hamilton Introduction 3

by Afonso
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The particular geological feature Hamilton was talking about is the “Eramoja Karst” protected area, which is officially reserved for geological study and research. What is in this protected area and what are its characteristics that this natural formation has been preserved? From the Hamilton Mountain area where the ‘Link’ highway joins the ‘Redhill Valley’ highway, an extension of the highway joins the ‘Upper Redhill Valley’ highway directly south to the last major regional highway in the city, the Rymal Road East.

Located between the north-east corner of the ‘Upper Redhill Valley’ highway and the ‘Raimal Road East’ is a special geological reserve called the ‘Eramoja Karst’.

Seventeen hundred acres of Hamilton’s Eramoja Karst—a total of sixteen karst features. Including dry underground caves with or without water under the crust (like drainage systems), dry valleys above the crust, open soil veins or conduits, open water discharge shafts, underground watercourses, water discharge sinks or falls, thickets, forests, etc. particularly noteworthy. Hamilton’s ‘Eramoja Karst’ is seven kilometers long and is the tenth longest underground cave in the province of Ontario, at 335 metres. Access to it is prohibited. However, even though the special zone is protected, it is currently under threat of civil development, as we see the environment-destroying activities of land grabbers without regard for the environment in the country!

However, after researching how karst came to be named, I learned that this type of geological formation is particularly common in the Slovenian region of Europe. A Serbian geologist in the area, Jovan Cvijić’s detailed description of this particular geological formation, is why the Slovenian word ‘karst’ continues to be used to describe this particular geological formation. Now, how was this ‘Eramoja Karst’ formed and how old is its geological age?

This type of karst is formed in the rocky hilly terrain mainly composed of limestone. This type of karst is formed by the erosion of this soft limestone or dolomite layer on or below the crust by water and other means over many years. Limestone or dolomite layers that contain calcium carbonate or other water-soluble chemicals dissolve with water flow and remain undissolved layers of harder rock below or above the layer and are not eroded. Karst landforms are formed in this process. Gypsum karst in Nova Scotia, Canada. In addition to rock salt karst in Saskatchewan, alpine forest karst in the Canadian Rockies, arctic karst near the Arctic, there are similar karst formations in southern Missouri and northern Arkansas in the United States.

According to geologists, the karst in this region was formed thirteen thousand years ago during the end of the last ice age on Earth. Its formation process is mainly related to the geological structure of the region. As you already know, the lakes and Niagara Ridges of this region were all formed during the last ice age.

One of the crown jewels of the city, the world famous Dofasco Steel Works was established and incorporated in 1912 as Dominion Foundries and Steel. Since 1980, the name Dofasco has been used as the legal name of the organization. Many of these factories were lost during the global economic Great Depression of the 1990s. For example, the National Steel Car Company adjacent to the Dofasco factory was owned by Dofasco from 1962 to 1990.

This factory manufactures various types of commercial goods and passenger rail cars, rail locomotives, heavy bus chassis and various automotive vehicles. On the other hand, due to the financial crisis, DoFasco had to give up its ownership of another large steel company, Acer Steel Algoma Inc., in 1991, including a mine in Ontario province. The company also operated two of its own iron ore mines in the province of Ontario to supply raw materials, both of which have been abandoned since the 1990s.

Dofasco Steel has a very high reputation worldwide. This factory has become much talked about as even today it is considered as the world’s highest production capacity and best quality steel production factory. On the other hand, it has been awarded as the most environmentally friendly factory in the North American continent. For art lovers there is a very famous and classy theater hall called ‘Theatre Aquarius’ in the very heart of the city owned by Dofasco.

Apart from Dofusco, what else is in Hamilton’s crown in the commercial and industrial sector, let’s see. Hamilton has many other world-renowned steel mills and other industries. Such as Steelco, National Steel Car Company; John Deere manufactures heavy machinery and vehicles for use in agriculture, timber and forestry, construction and related industries. In addition, there are power generation industry’s cement-Westing House, edible oil industry company Bungi, sugar and beverage beer manufacturing industry, various cheese manufacturing plant Celerno Dairy, car engine parts manufacturing company Orlick Industries, multiple meat processing industry, online company Amazon is one for this region. distribution center, a research institute of well-known Microsoft company etc.

McMaster University and Hamilton Health Sciences jointly lead many of the most innovative and important medical and pharmaceutical discoveries in the medical field. Hamilton is a notable city in Canada in terms of economy, politics and culture.

This city has another special identity all over the world. That is the beginning of the coffee shop franchise around the world named Tim Hortons in this city. On the list of the top 100 players of the National Hockey League, the famous ice hockey player Miles Gilbert, who played for the Toronto Maple Leafs, jointly opened a coffee shop in 1964 on Ottawa Street in Hamilton after his retirement from the game of ‘Tim Hortons’ (1930-1974). In just four years, it became one of Canada’s multimillion dollar franchises. In 1974 it had a total of forty stores in operation. In 2013, there were 4,600 stores operating in Canada alone.

FYI, Tim Hortons is a coffee and light snack store. Currently, this Tim Hortons store can be seen in North America as well as Asia-Europe. Opened in 1964, Hamilton’s first coffee shop on Ottawa Street is still a modernized shop. Placed there, a full-length statue of the Miles Gilbert team in a playground pose! A museum has been set up on the ground floor of the shop, where team photos and various memorabilia are displayed. Any shopper or tourist can enter there for free. There is a variety of Tim Hortons memorabilia available at very reasonable prices.

Cherry fruit trees in bloom at the Royal Botanic Gardens.  Photo: Author

Hamilton has many grand and aesthetically pleasing churches. Some of which date back to Hamilton’s colonial history. Understandably, before European immigrants settled in this city, the Most Reverend Jesus Christ did not get a chance to come here! As before the arrival of Asian immigrants in this city, even their most revered gods could not build a shelter here! Several of these churches were established in the early 19th century and are still in operation. Such as St. Paul’s Presbyterian Church (formerly St. Andrew’s Presbyterian Church) founded by Scottish immigrants in 1816 and Knox Presbyterian Church founded by Scottish immigrants in 1843.

At the same time St. James Anglican Church was established in Dundas Valley, which is still in operation. St. Luke’s Anglican Church in Burlington was founded in 1834. To the east of the city center near Barton Street East is the Roman Catholic Church of St. Anthony of Padua, founded in 1910. The Cathedral Basilica of Christ the King, built in 1933 on Highway 403 at the west end of the city, is a large and beautiful stone structure. There are other such ancient churches in the city, one of which I find very spectacular is the one near Tim Fields on Barton Road, called the ‘Ukrainian Orthodox Cathedral of St Vladimir’. This church was established in 1940 with the initiative of 1926. I was overwhelmed by the aesthetic beauty of the interior and exterior of the church. Although these older churches still serve as Christian places of worship, they have become part of Hamilton’s heritage in terms of beauty, grandeur and history. However, if you count the churches, you can see the churches of all kinds of Christians from all over the world here. Such as the church of the Chinese, the church of the Vietnamese, the church of the Koreans, the church of Christian immigrants from Kerala, etc. Or for the various sub-communities among Christians, separate churches can be found here.

To be continued…


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